EXERNET, como Red española de Investigación en Ejercicio Físico y Salud, pretende unir los esfuerzos de los diferentes grupos de investigación españoles en actividad física y salud, con el objetivo de coordinar, armonizar y divulgar la investigación en estos campos específicos del conocimiento. Como característica específica de este Simposio está la de presentar los proyectos de investigación en curso con el objetivo de generar sinergias entre diferentes grupos de investigación. Además, en este simposio se propone como novedad una reunión/seminario de jóvenes investigadores que se celebrará el 18 de Octubre.
The present one-day satellite symposium proposal will be held in Cadiz (Spain). Cádiz is a city with maritime port on the southwestern coast of Spain and 120 kilometers apart from Seville (aprox. 1 hour by train). This historical city is the oldest in Western Europe with a relevant influence on the national and international history, but also has some of the more beautiful beaches in Europe being a referent location for tourism. In this context, the University of Cadiz has a degree in Physical Activity and Sport Sciences plus a Master degree in Physical Activity and Health with high international repercussion. The researchers in sport sciences and health from the different research groups at University of Cádiz have been working on how physical activity and exercise can benefit different health conditions and populations. The local MOVE-IT research group from University of Cádiz is glad to host this satellite symposium.
According to the World Health Organization between 2015 and 2050, the percentage of people over 60 will almost double, highlighting that the population's aging pattern is much faster than in the past. Therefore, all countries face significant challenges to ensure that their health and social systems are prepared to face this demographic change.
This population aging trend increases the prevalence and incidence of health problems associated with age and the decline of different physiological systems, among which we can highlight those of a neurological nature such as dementia, Alzheimer's disease or in its earliest phase Mild cognitive impairment on the one hand, and those of a functional type such as frailty and physical condition on the other. The most direct consequence of the increase in the incidence of these diseases is the partial or total loss of the autonomy of the people that generates a high dependency index.